Iron deficiency anaemia in a coeliac: a cause for concern?

Oct 23, 2017

CASE REPORT: Iron deficiency anaemia in a coeliac: a cause for concern

Published 13 October 2017 | BMJ Case Reports 2017; doi:10.1136/bcr-2017-221691


A 70-year-old woman with a 15-year history of coeliac disease was admitted for treatment and investigation of symptomatic anaemia. Of note, she was recently commenced on aspirin therapy for retinal artery occlusion. This followed a normal gastro-duodenoscopy, colonoscopy and CT abdomen as workup for iron deficiency anaemia. On this occasion, the patient was further investigated with small bowel capsule endoscopy. This revealed an ulcerated lesion in her proximal jejunum suspicious for malignancy, namely lymphoma. A biopsy of the lesion confirmed adenomatous changes and high-grade dysplasia without malignant changes. Given the endoscopic appearances of the lesion, she was further evaluated with a small bowel MRI. This revealed a 3 cm lesion with associated lymphadenopathy but no distant metastases. She proceeded to resection of her small bowel which confirmed an invasive adenocarcinoma of her proximal jejunum. She is currently undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy on an outpatient basis.

Read the full report here.